US to invest $11.6B in TSMC for enhanced chip production in Arizona

This grant, pegged for the company’s U.S. subsidiary, TSMC Arizona, is the latest step by the U.S. to strengthen its domestic supply of semiconductors as it seeks to reshore manufacturing of chips amid escalating geopolitical tensions between the U.S. and China. The Act is primarily aimed at attracting manufacturing stateside, and also prohibits recipients of the funding from increasing their semiconductor manufacturing footprint in China. With the new investment, Taiwan-based TSMC, which is the world’s largest producer of semiconductors, is broadening its plans for its fabrication plants in Arizona. Intel could receive approximately $20 billion in grants and loans from the CHIPS and Science Act for its semiconductor manufacturing. Meanwhile, Samsung, which announced a $17 billion additional investment in Taylor, Texas, is expected to receive more than $6 billion in grants for its chip facility in Texas.

The U.S. Commerce Department announced on Monday that it has reached an agreement with Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing (TSMC) to provide $6.6 billion in direct funding under the CHIPS and Science Act. This funding will be used to establish semiconductor factories in Phoenix, Arizona and also provide up to $5 billion in loans.

This significant grant, designated for TSMC’s U.S. subsidiary, TSMC Arizona, is a crucial move by the U.S. to strengthen its domestic supply of semiconductors as it aims to bring back chip manufacturing amid rising tensions between the United States and China.

Signed into law in 2022, the CHIPS Act has allocated a total of $280 billion towards advancing domestic chip research and production in the U.S., with $52 billion specifically set aside to support domestic chip manufacturing. In addition to national security concerns over the majority of semiconductors being produced in Asia, the U.S. is also highly motivated to diversify its production of semiconductors and bring more electronics manufacturing to the Western hemisphere. The Act’s main objective is to attract chip production to the U.S., and also prohibits recipients of the funding from expanding their semiconductor manufacturing presence in China.

TSMC, the world’s largest semiconductor producer, will utilize this new investment to expand its plans for fabrication plants in Arizona. The company has announced its intention to build a third fabrication unit in addition to the two currently being constructed, which will focus on manufacturing of chips with a 2-nanometer or more advanced process. Previously, TSMC had committed to investing approximately $40 billion in building plants in the U.S.

TSMC has revealed that its first fabrication unit is expected to begin producing chips using the 4nm process in the first half of 2025, with the second factory following suit in 2028 and producing 3nm and 2nm chips. The third plant is set to commence manufacturing of 2nm and even more advanced chips by the end of the decade.

This level of investment by TSMC represents more than $65 billion in total, contributing towards the company’s plans for its U.S. operations. In a statement, TSMC announced that this investment marks the largest direct investment by a foreign entity into a greenfield project in the United States.

TSMC’s Arizona division will supply chips to its U.S. clients, including major technology companies such as AMD, Apple, Nvidia, and Qualcomm. The company estimates that the three fabrication units will create approximately 6,000 highly skilled, well-paying jobs, as well as over 20,000 jobs in construction.

Last month, the White House also announced an agreement with the Department of Commerce to provide Intel with up to $8.5 billion in funding to bolster its U.S.-based manufacturing operations.

  • Intel could receive up to $20 billion in grants and loans under the CHIPS and Science Act for its semiconductor production.
  • Meanwhile, Samsung recently announced a $17 billion investment in Taylor, Texas, and is expected to secure over $6 billion in grants for its Texas chip facility.
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Dylan Williams

Dylan Williams is a multimedia storyteller with a background in video production and graphic design. He has a knack for finding and sharing unique and visually striking stories from around the world.

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